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Directorate of Forestry, Updated List of protected tress.

13-08-2015

PROTECTED PLANT SPECIES
(Sections 22/Regulation 13)
List of protected species:
Species name Common names (English) Reasons to be protected
Acacia erioloba E. Mey. Camel-thorn EU1 (Heavily utilized by humans and
animals - medicinal, cash crop, unsustainable
harvesting of fuel wood for export)
slow growth rate, cultural value,
economic value, ES (keystone species)
Acacia nigrescens Oliv. Knob-thorn EU (Used by humans and animals -
wood used for construction, utensils,
fuel, tanning, browsed by game), ES
(retains river banks)
Acanthosicyos horridus Welw. ex
Hook.f.
Nara Cultural and economic value, ES (Dune
stabiliser)
Adansonia digitata L. baobab ES2 (Keystone species) EU (heavily
utilised by humans and animals)
Adenia pechuelii (Engl.) Harms Elephants-foot EU (unsustainable harvesting for horticultural
trade), slow growth rate, Slow
and/or episodic recruitment
Adenium boehmanium Schinz Bushman poison EU (unsustainable harvesting for horticultural
trade)
Afzelia quanzensis Welw. Pod mahogany EU (Extensively used by humans and
animals- curios, medicinal, timber, potential
as ornamental trees, browsed by
animals), slow growth rate, Restricted
range.
Albizia anthelmintica (A.Rich.)
Brongn.
Worm-cure albizia EU (Utilized by humans and animals
- medicinal, utensils, browsed by livestock
and game)
Aloe dichotoma Masson Quiver tree EU (unsustainable harvesting for horticultural
trade), Slow growth rate,
Cultural value, Slow and/or episodic
recruitment
Aloe pillansii L. Guthrie Giant quiver tree Slow growth rate, Restricted range,
Slow and/or episodic recruitment
Aloe ramosissima Pillans Maiden’s quiver tree Slow growth rate, Restricted range,
Slow and/or episodic recruitment
Baikiaea plurijuga Harms Zambezi teak or Rhodesian
teak
EU (heavily utilised for timber, implements,
utensils, wood carvings)
Berchemia discolour (Klotzsch)
Hemsl.
Bird-plum EU (heavily utilised by humans and
animals)
Boscia albitrunca (Burch.) Gilg &
Gilg-Ben.
Shepherd’s tree EU (heavily utilised by humans and
animals)
Burkea africana Hook. Burkea EU (heavily utilised by humans - timber,
firewood, implements)
5801 Government Gazette 3 August 2015 55
Caesalpinia merxmeullerana A.
Schreib.
Orange-river caesalpinia Restricted range
Citropsis daweana Swingle & M.
Kellerm.
EU (Wild crop relative - genetic resource),
Restricted range
Colophospermum mopane (J. Kirk
ex Benth.) J. Kirk ex J. Léonard
Mopane EU (heavily utilised by humans and
animals (browse and forage) - charcoal,
timber, fuel wood, construction, medicine,
host to important edible caterpillar),
slow growth rate, cultural value
Combretum imberbe Wawra Leadwood EU (heavily utilised by humans and
animals - fuel wood, construction material,
implements, illegally harvested
for charcoal, other purposes, browse,
shade ) Cultural value, Extremely slow
growth rate.
Commiphora capensis (Sond.)
Engl.
Namaqua corkwood EU (illegally harvested for horticultural
trade), Restricted range
Commiphora cervifolia J.J.A.van
der Walt
Antler-leaved corkwood EU (illegally harvested for horticultural
trade), Restricted range
Commiphora dinteri Engl. Namib corkwood EU (illegally harvested for horticultural
trade)
Commiphora gariepensis Swanepoel
Orange River corkwood Restricted range
Commiphora giessii J .J. A. van
der Walt
Brown-stemmed corkwood Restricted range
Commiphora gracilifrondosa
Dinter ex J. J. A. van der Walt
Karee corkwood Restricted range, EU (illegally harvested
for horticultural trade), Restricted
range
Commiphora kraeuseliana Heine Feather-leafed corkwood EU (illegally harvested for horticultural
trade), Restricted range
Commiphora namaensis Schinz Nama corkwood EU (illegally harvested for horticultural
trade)
Commiphora oblanceolata Schinz Swakopmund corkwood Very small, widely scattered populations,
Restricted range
Commiphora saxicola Engl. Rock corkwood EU (illegally harvested for horticultural
trade)
Commiphora virgata Engl. Slender corkwood Value (cultural - host to edible caterpillar)
Commiphora wildii Merxm. Oak-leaved corkwood EU (resin for perfume), Value (cultural
- perfume)
Cyphostemma bainesii (Hook. F.)
Desc.
Gouty vine EU (illegally harvested for horticultural
trade), Restricted range
Cyphostemma currorii (Hook. F.)
Desc.
Kobas EU (illegally harvested for horticultural
trade)
Cyphostemma juttae (Dinter &
Gilg) Desc.
Blue kobas EU (illegally harvested for horticultural
trade), Restricted range
Cyphostemma uter (Exell &Mendonça)
Desc.
Kaoko kobas Restricted range
Dialium engleranum Henriq. Kalahari podberry EU (Extensively used by humans - fruit
an important part of diet of San and
Kavango peoples, medicinal, timber,
implements)
56 Government Gazette 3 August 2015 5801
Diospyros mespiliformis Hochst.
Ex A.DC.
Jackal-berry EU (Heavily utilised by humans and
animals - important fruit tree, timber,
cash crop, utensils, watos, fuel wood,
medicinal, fruit eaten by animals and
frugivorous birds), slow growth rate.
Elephantorrhiza rangei Harms Karas elephant-root Restricted range and habitat
Entandrophragma spicatum
(C.DC) Sprague
Owambo wooden-banana Cultural value, slow growth rate, Restricted
range
Erythrina decora Harms Namib coral-tree Small populations scattered over wide
area, Cultural value, potential horticultural
value
Euclea asperrima Friedr.-Holzh. Mountain guarri Restricted range
Euclea pseudebenus E. Mey. Ex
A. Dc.
Wild ebony ES (Keystone species, prevent erosion
of water courses),Slow growth rate
Faidherbia albida (Delile)
A.Chev.
Ana tree ES (Important component of riparian
fringe, prevents erosion of river beds,
Keystone species), EU (heavily utilised
by stock and game, important shade
tree in arid west).
Ficus burkei (Miq.) Miq. Strangler fig EU (fruit for humans and animals), Restricted
range
Ficus cordata Thunb. Namaqua rock-fig EU (fruit for humans and animals)
Ficus sycomorus L. Sycamore fig EU (fruit for humans and animals)
Guibourtia coleosperma (Benth.)
J. Léonard
False mopane EU (Heavily utilised by humans and
animals - food, cash crops, very important
shade tree, timber, watos, utensils)
Hyphaene petersiana Klotzsch ex
Mart.
Makalani palm EU (heavily utilised by humans and
animals - utensils, basketry, thatching,
fuel, ropes, palm wine, food)
Kirkia dewinteri Merxm. & Heine Kaoko kirkia Restricted range
Lannea discolor (Sond.) Engl. Live-long EU (used by humans and animals), Restricted
range
Maerua schinzii Pax Ringwood tree EU (heavily used by humans and animals),
slow growth rate
Moringa ovalifolia Dinter &
A.Berger
Phantom tree EU (heavily used by humans and animals
- horticultural value, browse, tourism)
Neoluederitzia sericeocarpa
Schinz
Silk-seed bush Restricted range
Ozoroa concolor (C. Presl. Ex
Sond.) De Winter
Green resin-bush Restricted range, scattered distribution
Ozoroa namaquensis (Sprague)
Von Teichman & A. E. vanWyk
Gariep resin-tree Restricted range
Pachypodium lealii Welw. Bottle tree Slow growth rate, EU (unsustainable
harvesting for horticulture trade)
Pachypodium namaquanum (Wyley
ex Harv.) Welw.
Elephant-trunk Slow growth rate, EU (unsustainable
harvesting for horticulture trade), Restricted
range
Pappea capensis Eckl. & Zeyh. Jacket-plum ES (Keystone species, prevents erosion
in rivers), EU (utilised by humans and
animals - important shade tree, edible
fruit, browsed)
5801 Government Gazette 3 August 2015 57
Philenoptera violacea (Klotzsch)
Schrire
Apple-leaf, rain tree ES (important component of riparian
and floodplain canopy) EU (utilised by
humans and animals - fences, watos,
medicines, browse, fodder)
Protea gaguedi J. F. Gmel. African white protea Restricted range, EU (heavily utilised
by humans - medicinal overharvesting
of roots)
Pterocarpus angolensis DC. African teak, kiaat Value (economic), EU (heavily utilised
for timber, implements, utensils, wood
carvings)
Salix mucronata subsp. capensis
(Thunb.) Immelman
Small-leaved willow, river
willow
ES (stabilisation of river banks, shade),
EU (Heavily utilised by humans - overharvesting
for fuel wood, potentially
threatened), Restricted range
Schinziophyton rautanenii
(Schinz) Radcl.-Sm.
Manketti EU (heavily utilised by humans and
animals - utensils, curios, musical instruments,
timber, shade, fruit a very
important food and cash crop)
Schotia afra (L.) Thunb. var.
angustifolia (E. Mey.) Harv.
Karoo schotia EU (Utilised by humans for wood), Restricted
range
Sclerocarya birrea (A. Rich.)
Hochst.
Marula EU (Heavily utilised by humans and
animals for fruit, shade, browse, medicines,
wood).
Searsia lancea (L. F.) F. A. Barkley
Karee ES (Prevent erosion of river banks)
Sesamothamnus benguellensis
Welw.
Kaoko sesame-bush EU (Illegally harvested for the horticultural
trade), slow growth rate, Restricted
range
Sesamothamnus guerichii (Engl.)
E. A. Bruce
Herero sesame-bush EU (Illegally harvested for the horticultural
trade), slow growth rate
Sesamothamnus leistneri Giess ex
Ihlenf., ined.
Large-leaved sesame-bush EU (Illegally harvested for the horticultural
trade), slow growth rate, Restricted
range
Spirostachys africana Sond. Tamboti EU (Heavily utilised by humans - timber)
Sterculia africana (Lour.) Fiori African star-chestnut Economic value (tourism and horticulture)
EU (utilised by humans - medicinal
and food)
Sterculia quinqueloba (Garcke)
K. Schum.
Large-leaved sterculia Economic value (tourism and horticulture),
restricted habitat
Strychnos cocculoides Baker Corky monkey-orange Economic value (cash crop), EU (heavily
utilised by humans and animals -
fruit)
Strychnos potatorum L. F. Black bitterberry ES (Important component of river and
flood plain vegetation) EU (utilised
by humans (fish poison, shade) and
animals (food and shade), Restricted
range.
Strychnos pungens Soler. Spine-leaved monkey-orange Economic value (cash crop), EU (heavily
utilised by humans and animals -
fruit, medicinal)
Strychnos spinosa Lam. Spiny monkey-orange Economic value (cash crop), EU (heavily
utilised by humans and animals -
fruit and furniture), Restricted range
58 Government Gazette 3 August 2015 5801
Tamarix usneoides E. Mey. ex
Bunge
Wild tamarisk ES (prevents erosion of river beds and
river banks, important component of
riparian vegetation), EU (browsed by
game)
Tylecodon paniculatus (L. F.)
Toelken
Southern botterboom EU (unsustainable harvesting - horticultural
trade), Restricted range
Welwitschia mirabilis Hook f. Welwitschia Cultural value, scientific value, economic
value (tourism)
Ziziphus mucronata Willd. Buffalo-thorn ES (prevents erosion of river beds
and river banks, important component
of riparian vegetation) EU (Utilized
by humans and animals - medicinal,
construction, implements, fuel wood,
browsed by livestock and game
1: EU = Extend of use
2: ES

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